Σας ενημερώνουμε ότι η επεξεργασία των 82 κατατεθειμένων προτάσεων βρίσκεται σε εξέλιξη.

«Re-think Athens/ Ξανα-σκέψου την Αθήνα»: Ευρωπαϊκός αρχιτεκτονικός διαγωνισμός για την ανάπλαση του κέντρου της Αθήνας

18 Απρίλιος, 2012 RSS Σχολίων Εκτυπώστε το Άρθρο 1.783 Προβολές
Διαχειριστής Πλατφόρμας http://www.diavouleusi.eliamep.gr/

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T??.: (0030) 2107257110
Fax: (0030) 2107257114

email: filippa@eliamep.gr

?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (25/11/2010) ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, hospital ???? ?????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???? 2020.

??????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????:

?? 2012, look ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, ? ????????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????. ?? 2013, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????. ?? 2014, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????. ?? 2015, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? 2020. ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? 2016.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ?) ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????.

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?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (25/11/2010) ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, medicine
???? ?????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???? 2020.

??????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????:

?? 2012, help
?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, ? ????????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????. ?? 2013, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????. ?? 2014, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????. ?? 2015, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? 2020. ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? 2016.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ?) ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????.

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???????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? (???????)

?? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? (???????) ????? ??? ??????????, ?? ????????????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ??????. ?????????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ?????. ??????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ? ????????? ??????????, ? ????????????, ?? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???????, ????? ??? ?? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ??????, ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ????? ????????.

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? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?? 1972 ??? ??? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??????????? (?????????, ????????????? ??? ??????????????), ?? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ?????, ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????????? ????? ??? ?????, ????? ??? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????????????. ????? ? ???? ?? ??????????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??? ? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ??????????. ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ?? ?????? ????????? (?????????????? ???????????, ??????? ?????????????, ????????????, ???????? ????????, ??????????? ?????????????, ??????????????? ???????????), ??? ??? ???? ??? ????????? ????????? ????????? ????? ??? ? ??????? ??? ???????????? ???????????? ??? ??? ??????? ????????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????????, ???? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ?????????? ?? ???????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???. ?? ????????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? «?????» ???? ???????????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ?????????.

????????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? (?.??.?.?.?.)

?? E.K?.?.?.?. ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????????, ??? ????????? ?????????? ???? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ?????????????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??????. ????? ???? ?? ????????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??? ???????? ??????????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????, ????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ??? ??????????, ??????????????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????, ??? ?????????? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ?? ???????????? ??????????.
? ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ???????????????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? 29 ????????? ??? ??? 10 ??????????. ????? ???? 16? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??? ???????? ???????? (COP) ??? ??? 6? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????? (CMP). ??? ???????? ?????????? ? 33? ??????? ??? ??????????? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? (Subsidiary Body for Implementation – SBI) ??? ??? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? (Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice – SBSTA), visit
? 15? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??? ???????????? I ????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????? (AWG-KP) ??? ? 13? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ???????? (AWG-LCA).

???????????? ?? ??????? ??????????.
? ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ???????????????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? 29 ????????? ??? ??? 10 ??????????. ????? ???? 16? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??? ???????? ???????? (COP) ??? ??? 6? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????? (CMP). ??? ???????? ?????????? ? 33? ??????? ??? ??????????? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? (Subsidiary Body for Implementation – SBI) ??? ??? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? (Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice – SBSTA), advice
? 15? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??? ???????????? I ????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????? (AWG-KP) ??? ? 13? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ???????? (AWG-LCA).

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? ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ???????????????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? 29 ????????? ??? ??? 10 ??????????. ????? ???? 16? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??? ???????? ???????? (COP) ??? ??? 6? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????? (CMP). ??? ???????? ?????????? ? 33? ??????? ??? ??????????? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? (Subsidiary Body for Implementation – SBI) ??? ??? ??????????? ????? ????????????? ??? ???????????? ?????? (Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice – SBSTA), page
? 15? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ????? ??? ???????????? I ????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????? (AWG-KP) ??? ? 13? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ??? ???????? (AWG-LCA).

???????????? ?? ??????? ??????????.
?????? ?????? ?? ????? “Water Recycling and Reuse” ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? “Water”. ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, prescription policy, monitoring requirements, and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011.

???????? ???????????
?????? ?????? ?? ????? “Water Recycling and Reuse” ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? “Water”. ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, medic
policy, here
monitoring requirements, treatment
and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011.

???????? ???????????
?????? ?????? ?? ????? “Water Recycling and Reuse” ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? “Water”. ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, store policy, monitoring requirements, and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011.

???????? ???????????
?????? ?????? ?? ????? “Water Recycling and Reuse” ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? “Water”. ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, about it
policy, sovaldi sale monitoring requirements, and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011.

???????? ???????????
?????? ?????? ?? ????? «Water Recycling and Reuse» ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? «Water». ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, decease
policy, monitoring requirements, and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011.

???????? ???????????
?????? ?????? ?? ????? «Water Recycling and Reuse» ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? «Water». ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, herpes
policy, monitoring requirements, and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011.

???????? ???????????

?????? ?????? ?? ????? «Water Recycling and Reuse» ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? «Water». ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, hair
policy, information pills
monitoring requirements, and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011.

???????? ???????????

?????? ?????? ?? ????? «Water Recycling and Reuse» ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? «Water». ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, mind policy, sale monitoring requirements, and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011.

???????? ???????????

?????? ?????? ?? ????? «Water Recycling and Reuse» ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? «Water». ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, bronchitis
policy, remedy
monitoring requirements, dosage
and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011.

???????? ???????????

?????? ?????? ?? ????? «Water Recycling and Reuse» ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? «Water». ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, advice policy, infertility
monitoring requirements, viagra
and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011.

???????? ???????????

?????? ?????? ?? ????? «Water Recycling and Reuse» ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? «Water». ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, physician policy, valeologist
monitoring requirements, and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011. ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ? ?. ????????? (?????, EUREAU) ??? ? ?. ?????????????? (????? ????????? ?????????????, ??????????? ??????).

???????? ???????????

?????? ?????? ?? ????? «Water Recycling and Reuse» ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? «Water». ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, infection
policy, cheap
monitoring requirements, buy cialis
and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011.

???????? ???????????

A.?? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???? ??????????? ?? ?????????

?? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????????? ??? ????????? ??????????. ?????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??? 60.000 ???????? ?????, there ?? ??? ?????? ?? 6.000 ????? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ????? ???? ??? 100 ??????????? ?????? ??????????[1], healing
???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????. ??? ??????????? ??????, ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????.

?? ?????? ????? ??????????? ?? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ??????, ????? ??? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????????. ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ??????????? ??? 30.000 ?????, motorships, ????? ?????????? ????? ???. ??? ????????? ??? ???? ??? ???????. ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ?? ????????? ??????? ? ??????? ??? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ?? 10%, ??? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????, ????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? 70%[2].  ??????, ?? ?????? ????? ? ?????????? ??? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????? ???????????, ???? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ? ???????????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????????, ? ????? ?? ??????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ????????.

?.      ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????

? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ?? ??? ????????????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ???????? ?? ?,?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ? ????? ?????????. ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????  ????????? ????? ??? ? ???????? ??? ???????? ????????????, ??? ???????????.

? ?????????? ????????, ? ???????? ?????? ??????????  ??? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????. ? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???’ ?????? ??? ?????????????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ????????????.

? ???????? ??? ????????????? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ?? ????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????.

? ???????? ??? ???????????,  ? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????, ????????? ??? ???????????, ?????????, ???? ??? ?????????? ?????????.

?         ????????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????????

?1       ????????: ????????????? ??? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ???  ??????.

?????? ?????????: ?????? ???????????  ?????? VTS (Vessel Traffic Services) ??? ??????? ????????, ??????. ???????? ??? ????????????. ?? ?????? ?? ??????????? ? ???????? ??? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? (?????? VTMIS) ??? ?? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????? ??? ???????.

?2       ????????: ?????? ???????? ??????????? ??????.

?????? ?????????: ??????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????????? (???) ??? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????, ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????????  ????????? ??????? ??????????????. ? ????????? ??? ????????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????? Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) ??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????????? ??????????, ?????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?????????????? (?????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????-???????????????) ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ??????????. ??????, ?? ???????????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ‘?????? ?????’ ?? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ??????.

?          ????????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ??   ?????

?1?     ????????: ?????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ??? ??????? (?.?. ???? ????????, ????????, ??????? ?????? ??????-????????????)  ??????????? ????????? ???????? ???????’ ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????.

?1?      ?????? ?????????: ????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ?? Great Barrier Reef (?????????), ?? ???????????  Sabana-Camagüey (?????), ? ?????  Malpelo Island (????????), ? ??????? ???  Florida Keys (???) , ? ??????? Wadden (?????-????????-????????) ??? ?? ???????? ????? Paracas (?????). ??? ?????? ??? ??????  ???? ???????? ? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? Bonifacio (????????-???????). ?????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??? Resolution A.982(24) ??? 1.12.2005.

?2? ????????: ????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????.

?2? ?????? ?????????: ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????  CleanSeaNet ??? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? (EMSA).

 

?3?     ????????: ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ????????.

?3?      ?????? ?????????: ?) ???????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ????????????? ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ????? ????????????,  ????????? ??? ?????.  ?) ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? (EMSA) ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????????? ??? ???????? ???? ????????? ????????.

?4?     ????????: ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ???????.

 

?4?      ?????? ?????????: ?) ?????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ???? (contingency planning) ?) ?????????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????? (????? ? ??????) ???? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?? ????? ??? ?????  ??????? ??????. ?) ??????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ??? ???????.

?5?     ????????: ?????????? ????????????, ???????, ?????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ???????.

?5?      ?????? ?????????: ???????? ??? ????????????? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ????????? ??? ???, ?? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????. ??????????, ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? MARPOL (Prevention of Pollution from Ships)  ??? ???  ???????? ??? ????  ????????????? ‘?????? ???????’ ??? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ????????????. ? ??????, ?? ???????? ???? ??????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????? (reception facilities) ??? ????????? ??? ????????????. ????? ??????????? ??? ??? ??????? ????????? ??????. ?? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????????????? ??????? ????????.

?6?     ????????: ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ??? ?????.

?6? ?????? ?????????: ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????. ???? ??? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ????????????. ????? ????? ?? ????????? ?? ????????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??????, ??????????? ??? ???????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????.

?          ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ??? ??????

?1?     ????????: ?????????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????????? ?? 90% ??? ?????????? ???????? ????? ?? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????. ???????, ? ??????? ??? ????????? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ??????????? ??????. ??? ?????, ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????? ????????, ??? ????????? ???? tramp shipping, ???? ??? ?????? ??????????? ??? ETS

?1?      ?????? ?????????: ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ??? ??????? (CO2) ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????????, ?????????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????????????? ??? ??????? ???????. ?????????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ????????. ? ?????? ??? ‘???????? ???????????’ ??? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????????? ?? ?????????????? ??????:

?)         ??????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? CO2 ??? ?? ?????.

?)        ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ??? UNFCCC ??? ??? ????????? ?????? (??????- ?????????? 2010) ??? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ?????????? ????????? ?????.

?)       ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ?? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? (Emission Trading Scheme – ??S). ????????? ??? ?o ETS, ??? ??? ?? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ????????, ?? ????????????? ???? ????????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????.

?2?     ????????: ?) ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ????. ?) ????????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???  ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????????, ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ????. ?) ?????? ‘????????’ ????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ??????.

?2?      ?????? ?????????: ?) ?????????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????  ??? ?? ?????. ?)  ???????? ?? ????? ???????????? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ?? ‘???????? ??????? ????????’ ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ‘MARPOL’ ???? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ?? 2015 ???????? ?? ?????????????? ?? ???? ????? 0,1%. ?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ?. ???????? ????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????????? modal shift ??? ????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ???????????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? 0,5%.  ?) ????????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??????? (cold ironing method).


[1] ??????????? ????????? ??? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ‘???????????’

[2] US National Academy Press, Oil in the Sea (2002)
A.?? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???? ??????????? ?? ?????????

?? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????????? ??? ????????? ??????????. ?????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ??? 60.000 ???????? ?????, men’s health
?? ??? ?????? ?? 6.000 ????? ????????????? ??? ??????????
???? ????? ???? ??? 100 ??????????? ?????? ??????????[1], ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????. ??? ??????????? ??????, ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????.

?? ?????? ????? ??????????? ?? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ??????, ????? ??? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????????. ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ??????????? ??? 30.000 ?????, motorships, ????? ?????????? ????? ???. ??? ????????? ??? ???? ??? ???????. ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ?? ????????? ??????? ? ??????? ??? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ?? 10%, ??? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????, ????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? 70%[2].  ??????, ?? ?????? ????? ? ?????????? ??? ????????? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????? ???????????, ???? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ? ???????????? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ????????? ??????????? ????????, ? ????? ?? ??????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ????????.

?.      ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????

? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ?? ??? ????????????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ???????? ?? ?,?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ????????????? ??????????? ? ????? ?????????. ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????????  ????????? ????? ??? ? ???????? ??? ???????? ????????????, ??? ???????????.

? ?????????? ????????, ? ???????? ?????? ??????????  ??? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????. ? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ???’ ?????? ??? ?????????????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ????????????.

? ???????? ??? ????????????? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ?? ????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????.

? ???????? ??? ???????????,  ? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ???????????? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ????????, ????????? ??? ???????????, ?????????, ???? ??? ?????????? ?????????.

?         ????????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????????

?1       ????????: ????????????? ??? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ???  ??????.

?????? ?????????: ?????? ???????????  ?????? VTS (Vessel Traffic Services) ??? ??????? ????????, ??????. ???????? ??? ????????????. ?? ?????? ?? ??????????? ? ???????? ??? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? (?????? VTMIS) ??? ?? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????? ??? ???????.

?2       ????????: ?????? ???????? ??????????? ??????.

?????? ?????????: ??????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????????? (???) ??? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????, ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????????  ????????? ??????? ??????????????. ? ????????? ??? ????????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????? Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) ??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????????? ??????????, ?????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?????????????? (?????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????-???????????????) ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ??????????. ??????, ?? ???????????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ? ???? ??? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ‘?????? ?????’ ?? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ??????.

?          ????????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ??   ?????

?1?     ????????: ?????????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ??? ??????? (?.?. ???? ????????, ????????, ??????? ?????? ??????-????????????)  ??????????? ????????? ???????? ???????’ ???? ?? ??????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????.

?1?      ?????? ?????????: ????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ?? Great Barrier Reef (?????????), ?? ???????????  Sabana-Camagüey (?????), ? ?????  Malpelo Island (????????), ? ??????? ???  Florida Keys (???) , ? ??????? Wadden (?????-????????-????????) ??? ?? ???????? ????? Paracas (?????). ??? ?????? ??? ??????  ???? ???????? ? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? Bonifacio (????????-???????). ?????? ?? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??? Resolution A.982(24) ??? 1.12.2005.

?2? ????????: ????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????.

?2? ?????? ?????????: ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????  CleanSeaNet ??? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? (EMSA).

 

?3?     ????????: ?????????? ??????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ????????.

?3?      ?????? ?????????: ?) ???????? ??? ????????????? ??????? ????????????? ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ????? ????????????,  ????????? ??? ?????.  ?) ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????????? (EMSA) ???????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????????? ??? ???????? ???? ????????? ????????.

?4?     ????????: ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ???????.

 

?4?      ?????? ?????????: ?) ?????????? ????????????? ???????????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ???? (contingency planning) ?) ?????????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????? (????? ? ??????) ???? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?? ????? ??? ?????  ??????? ??????. ?) ??????? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ??? ???????.

?5?     ????????: ?????????? ????????????, ???????, ?????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ???????.

?5?      ?????? ?????????: ???????? ??? ????????????? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ????????? ??? ???, ?? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????. ??????????, ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? MARPOL (Prevention of Pollution from Ships)  ??? ???  ???????? ??? ????  ????????????? ‘?????? ???????’ ??? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ????????????. ? ??????, ?? ???????? ???? ??????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????????? (reception facilities) ??? ????????? ??? ????????????. ????? ??????????? ??? ??? ??????? ????????? ??????. ?? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ??? ??????????? ? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????????????? ??????? ????????.

?6?     ????????: ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ??? ?????.

?6? ?????? ?????????: ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????. ???? ??? ??????????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ????????????. ????? ????? ?? ????????? ?? ????????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??????, ??????????? ??? ???????????? ?? ????????? ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????????? ????.

?          ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ??? ??????

?1?     ????????: ?????????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ?????????? ?? 90% ??? ?????????? ???????? ????? ?? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????. ???????, ? ??????? ??? ????????? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ??????????? ??????. ??? ?????, ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????? ????????, ??? ????????? ???? tramp shipping, ???? ??? ?????? ??????????? ??? ETS

?1?      ?????? ?????????: ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ??? ??????? (CO2) ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????????, ?????????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????????????? ??? ??????? ???????. ?????????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ????????. ? ?????? ??? ‘???????? ???????????’ ??? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????????? ?? ?????????????? ??????:

?)         ??????? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? CO2 ??? ?? ?????.

?)        ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ??? UNFCCC ??? ??? ????????? ?????? (??????- ?????????? 2010) ??? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ?????????? ????????? ?????.

?)       ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ?? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ???????? (Emission Trading Scheme – ??S). ????????? ??? ?o ETS, ??? ??? ?? ????????? ???? ?????? ??? ????????, ?? ????????????? ???? ????????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????.

?2?     ????????: ?) ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ????. ?) ????????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???  ?????? ????????? ?????? ??????????????? ??????????, ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????????????? ????. ?) ?????? ‘????????’ ????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ??????.

?2?      ?????? ?????????: ?) ?????????? ???????? ??? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????  ??? ?? ?????. ?)  ???????? ?? ????? ???????????? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ?? ‘???????? ??????? ????????’ ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ‘MARPOL’ ???? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ?? 2015 ???????? ?? ?????????????? ?? ???? ????? 0,1%. ?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ?. ???????? ????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????????? modal shift ??? ????????? ?? ???????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ???????????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? 0,5%.  ?) ????????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??????? (cold ironing method).


[1] ??????????? ????????? ??? ??????????????? ??????? ??????? ‘???????????’

[2] US National Academy Press, Oil in the Sea (2002)
??? ???? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? (??????? ??????? 17%), stuff ??? ????????????? ???? ??????, purchase
????????? ??? ??????????? ?????. ??????? ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????, view
?? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ??????????????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????????????? ??? ?? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????? ???????, ??? ??? «???????» ???????? ??? ??? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ???????.?? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? 40% ?? ????? ? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????????, ??? ??? ????? ?? ????????? ?????????????, ????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?????????? «??????» (??????? ???????) ??? «????????» (????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ?????) ??????????.

???????? ???????????
??? ??? 1? ??????????? ? ??? ?? ??????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ??????????, pathopsychology
??? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ??????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???? ???????????.

???????? ???????????
????????- PHOTOVOLTAIC 2010

? ?????? ????????- PHOTOVOLTAIC  ?? ????????? ???? 21-24 ????????? ??? ????????? ?????? MEC ???? ???????. ????? ? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???. ??? ??????? ??? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? «PV LEGAL – ?????? ??? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ??? ????????????? «, buy ?? ??????????? ? ???????? ??? ????????? ???????? ????????????? (???) «National Forum of PV Industry» ??? ?? ??????????????? ???? 22 ?????????.

WATERTEC – ENVIROTEC 2010

? 6? ?????? ?????? «WATERTEC – ENVIROTEC 2010» ?? ????????? ????????? ??? ???? ????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ????? & ??????????? ?????????????. ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ??? ? ????????? ??? ????????????? ???? ??????????? ??????? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?????, thumb ? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ???? ???? ??????????? ??????????????, ??????? ??? ???????????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ???????.

?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (25/11/2010) ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, noun
???? ?????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???? 2020.

??????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????:

?? 2012, this
?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, ? ????????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????. ?? 2013, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????. ?? 2014, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????. ?? 2015, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? 2020. ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? 2016.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ?) ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????.

???????????? ??????????? ???.

?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (25/11/2010) ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, treatment
???? ?????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???? 2020.

??????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????:

?? 2012, malady
?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, pills
? ????????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????. ?? 2013, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????. ?? 2014, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????. ?? 2015, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? 2020. ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? 2016.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ?) ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????.

???????????? ??????????? ???.

?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (25/11/2010) ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, healing ???? ?????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???? 2020.

??????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????:

?? 2012, discount
?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, ? ????????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????.

?? 2013, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????.

?? 2014, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????.

?? 2015, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? 2020. ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? 2016.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ?) ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????.

???????????? ??????????? ???.

?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (25/11/2010) ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, click
???? ?????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???? 2020.

??????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????: 

?? 2012, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, ? ????????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????.

?? 2013, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????.

?? 2014, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????.

?? 2015, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? 2020. ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? 2016.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ?) ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????.

???????????? ??????????? ???.

?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (25/11/2010) ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, check ???? ?????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???? 2020.

??????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????:

?? 2012, stomach
?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, ? ????????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????.

?? 2013, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????.

?? 2014, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????.

?? 2015, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? 2020. ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? 2016.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ?) ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????.

???????????? ??????????? ???.

?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (25/11/2010) ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, and ???? ?????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???? 2020.

??????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????: 

?? 2012, pancreatitis
?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, ? ????????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????.

?? 2013, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????.

?? 2014, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????.

?? 2015, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? 2020. ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? 2016.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ?) ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????.

???????????? ??????????? ???.

?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (25/11/2010) ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, look
???? ?????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???? 2020.

??????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????: 

?? 2012, advice
?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, buy more about
? ????????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????.

?? 2013, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????.

?? 2014, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????.

?? 2015, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? 2020. ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? 2016.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ?) ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????.

???????????? ??????????? ???.

?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (25/11/2010) ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, for sale
???? ?????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???? 2020.

??????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????: 

?? 2012, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, ? ????????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????.

?? 2013, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????.

?? 2014, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????.

?? 2015, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? 2020. ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? 2016.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ?) ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????.

???????????? ??????????? ???.
?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (25/11/2010) ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, oncologist
???? ?????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???? 2020.

??????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????: 

?? 2012, this site
?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, ? ????????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????.

?? 2013, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????.

?? 2014, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????.

?? 2015, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? 2020. ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? 2016.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ?) ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????.

???????????? ??????????? ???.

?? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? (25/11/2010) ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????, tadalafil ???? ?????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????? ??????????. ?????? ??? ????? ? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???? 2020.

??????? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???????????:

?? 2012, geriatrician
?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??????, ? ????????????? ??? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ? ?????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????? ??? ???????. ?? 2013, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ? ??????????, ?? ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????????? ????????. ?? 2014, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????. ?? 2015, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???? 2020. ? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ???? 2016.

??? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ?) ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??? ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ???????????? ??????.

???????? ???????????

?????? ?????? ?? ????? «Water Recycling and Reuse» ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ????????? «Water». ? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ????????? ?????????:

• Water reuse planning, resuscitator
policy, monitoring requirements, and standards/criteria.

• The role of water reuse for integrated water resources management.

• Wastewater treatment technologies.

• On-site and decentralized wastewater treatment systems.

• Removal of trace organics and emerging contaminants.

• Membrane and disinfection technologies.

• Historical development of water reuse.

• Agricultural irrigation.

• Landscape irrigation and other urban uses.

• Industrial uses.

• Environmental and recreational uses.

• Groundwater recharge.

• (In)direct potable reuse.

• Water reuse and future cities.

• Effluent disposal to waterways.

• Economic and social aspects of production and use of recycled water.

• Health and ecological risk analysis in water recycling applications.

• Other related research issues.

? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 30? ??????? 2011. ????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ? ?. ????????? (?????, EUREAU) ??? ? ?. ?????????????? (????? ????????? ?????????????, ??????????? ??????).

???????? ???????????

?.    ?????????? ?????????

1.    ?? ????????

?? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ?????????, cost
?????????? ???? ??????? ????????, sildenafil
????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????????? ? ???????? ????: ???????????? ???????, ???????, ??????? ??????, ??????? ?????????, ????????? ???., ??????????? ???????? ??? ??? ???????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ??? ??????? ?????????????. ? ????????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ???????????? ??????????? ?? ?????????? ?????????.

????????? ?????? ????????????? ?? ???????? ???? ??????. ?? ??? ???????????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????????? ??? ???? ???????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ????????, ? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ???, ?? ?????????? ?? ????????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ???? ???????????? ??????? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?.?. (?????????, ???????????? ???????, ???.).

?? ???????? ???? ??????????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ??? ’60 ??? ????? ?????, ????????? ??? ??? ?????, ?????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ??? ??? ???????????? ??? (1). ???????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????????, ?????? ???? ????? ??? ???????????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ?? ???????? ??? «????????» ?????????, ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????????, ??? ????????? ??? ??? ???? ????????????.

2.    ?????????? ???????????? ?????????

? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????????????????, ?? ?????????? ??????? ???????, ???????????? ??????????? ??? ??? ???????, ??? ???????? ??? ???????????????? ?????????. ?? ???????? ???? ?????? ???, ??? ????????? ????????, ?????? ?? ????????? ?????????????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????????? ????????????. ?????????? ???????? ? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ???? ???? ??????????? ?????? ??? 2004. ? ???????? ???? ?????? ???, ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?????????? ????????? (??????? ?????????????), ??????? ??????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ??????? ????????? ????? (????? 2004), ? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??, ???? ?????????? ???????, ??????????? ????????? ??? ????, ?? ?? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ?????????, ?? ?????????? ????? ??? ??? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????????????? ???? (2).

3.    ?????????? ???????? ??? ?????????

???????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????? ????????????? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? (3) ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??? 25 ????????? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ?????????? ????????????. ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????, ?????? ?????, ??? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????????: «?????????????, ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????» (4) ??? «????????? ??? ????????????» (5), ????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????????????? (6) ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?.?. ???????????? ?. ?????? (7).

????????? ?????????

?? ????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ??? ? ?????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?????????? ??? ????????????? ??? ?????????? ?? ?????????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ??????. ?????????? ??? ?? ???????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????, ??? ??? ?????????? ???? ???? ?????????? ????????? ???? ????????? ??????. ?????????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ???? ?????.

1.    ??????? ????????? ??? ????????????

1. ?????????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ??? ???????????? ?????????.

2. ???????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ?? ???????????, ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????????, ????????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?????????, ????????, ????????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????????????. ?????????????.

3. ?????????? ?????????????? ????? ??? ?????????????? ?????????????? ????. ??????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????, ?????????????????, ?????? ??????.

4. ?????????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????????????.


2.    ??????? ?????????

5. ??????? ???????????/???????????? – ?????????????? ?????????? ??? ???????????????. ?????????????? ??????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????, ??????????? ????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????????. ????? ??????? ??????????????? ????????????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????????? ??????????? ????? ??? ????????? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????.

6. ???????? ??? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????????? ?? ????????. ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ???????????? ????????????/????????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ???????????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????.

7. ???????????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????????.

8. ?????? ??? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ???????????. ???? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????????? (????, ????????, ??????? ????????????) ?? ?????? ?? ??????????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ???? ?????????????? ??? ???????? ?.

9. ?????????. ? ???????? ?????????? ??? ? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????????, ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ???????????.

10. ?????????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????????? ?????????. ????????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ????????.

11. ????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? (???) Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) ?? ????? ??? ????????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ??? ????????????, ??? ????????? ??? ????????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????????.

12. ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????.

13. ???????? ??? ???????????, ??????????? ??? ???????? ????????.

14. ???????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????, ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?????.

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